Author Topic: "No drought this year", says irrigation dept  (Read 6664 times)

Offline Johnnie F.

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"No drought this year", says irrigation dept
« on: February 20, 2019, 07:46:50 AM »
Let's hope they're right!

"THE ROYAL Irrigation Department (RID) announced yesterday that Thailand will not suffer from drought this year as there will be enough water for use until early 2020.

Deputy director-general Thaweesak Thanadachopol said an official survey in irrigation zones had learned that there will be sufficient water supply for consumption and farming.

Thailand will not experience a repeat of recent drought disasters because the RID and related agencies had undertaken a detailed study of water usage over the past two years and are planning drought-tackling measures to cope with any problems that arise, he added. (Full article: The Nation)

Two days ago they predicted extreme heat:

"PEOPLE MUST brace for extreme heat in the days to come, as an extraordinarily hot and arid summer has been forecast for Thailand from Thursday, while seven provinces in the North and the West are expected to experience extreme heat at 40-44 degrees Celsius.

The entire planet will see warmer-than-usual climate this year, the world’s leading climate scientists have warned. They said if the global temperature kept rising, there was a 50 per cent chance that the global average temperature in 2019 will break the previous year’s record and become the second hottest year ever in history.

Due to the forecast for scorching heat in Thailand this summer, the Disease Control Department’s Occupational and Environmental Diseases Bureau director, Dr Chantana Padungtod, has urged people to be more cautious about exposure to the heat for too long and to keep hydrated so as to avoid a heat stroke. (Full article: http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30364285).

Let's hope, there will be enough water to take cooling showers and enough electrical power to operate all the air conditioners people will want to run. Like the RID is planning for water, people should be planning how to cool, what to do about these drops in voltage, that will render air conditioners useless.

Offline Johnnie F.

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Re: "No drought this year", says irrigation dept
« Reply #1 on: March 05, 2019, 09:44:29 AM »
"THE ROYAL Irrigation Department (RID) announced yesterday that Thailand will not suffer from drought this year as there will be enough water for use until early 2020.

Deputy director-general Thaweesak Thanadachopol said an official survey in irrigation zones had learned that there will be sufficient water supply for consumption and farming.

I guess somebody didn't keep his fingers crossed. The news for Roi Et, Maha Sarakham and Yasothon are already:


Not enough water left for rice farmers in Northeast


A WATER SHORTAGE is threatening to soon strike several northeastern provinces.
:-[

Online Taman Tun

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Re: "No drought this year", says irrigation dept
« Reply #2 on: March 05, 2019, 11:02:53 AM »
I come past Lumtakong Lake every week (Near the Khlong Phai Prison) and it looks fuller than I have seen it for several years.  so hopefully no drought.
If the old only could, if the young only knew.

Offline Johnnie F.

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Re: "No drought this year", says irrigation dept
« Reply #3 on: March 05, 2019, 02:17:02 PM »
Now they say:  "Yes, the water level in most reservoirs is higher than in the previous years, but we expect it to become much hotter this year."

Even Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn is concerned about what harm this year's drought will bring, saying it is expected to "hit hard", Agriculture Minister Grisada Boonrach quoted her as saying.

Princess voices drought fears


Offline Johnnie F.

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Re: "No drought this year", says irrigation dept
« Reply #4 on: March 08, 2019, 09:07:38 AM »
When will the dice stop rolling?

"Somkiat Prajamwong of the National Water Resources Office said there might be virtually no rain during the next two months. He said several areas in Chiang Mai, Nakhon Sawan, Chaiyaphum, Nakhon Ratchasima, Loei, Kanchanaburi and Ratchaburi will soon face water shortages." (Least Rain in 30 Years Forecast as Drought Parches Upper Kingdom

and

"Without preparations, the provinces of Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai, Sukhothai, Phitsanulok, Phetchabun, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nong Bua Lamphu, Buri Ram, Maha Sarakham, Khon Kaen, Roi Et, Chachoengsao, Chon Buri, Chanthaburi, Surat Thani, Phang Nga and Phuket could face water shortage. But the PWA has taken steps to take water from nearby provinces." (Agency dismisses fear of drought, predict rains from late May


Offline thaiga

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Re: "No drought this year" - Drought threatens major crop harvests
« Reply #5 on: March 11, 2019, 11:32:31 AM »
Let's hope they're right!

"THE ROYAL Irrigation Department (RID) announced yesterday that Thailand will not suffer from drought this year as there will be enough water for use until early 2020.

Now lets hope their wrong

Drought threatens major crop harvests

Farmer income could drop by 1.6%

Severe drought predicted for this year is estimated to cause 15.3 billion baht worth of damage mainly from low productivity of off-season rice and sugar cane crops during the summer, knocking 0.1% off GDP, according to the Kasikorn Research Centre.

Summer, which officially began on Feb 21, is predicted to be hotter by 1C-2C and last longer than last year, likely extending to May, the centre said, citing a Meteorological Department forecast.

There could be less rainfall to maintain irrigation and consumption, with rainfall in dams and reservoirs nationwide expected to drop by 13.5% from last year.

Lower levels of rainfall than last year have flowed into reservoirs and dams in the Northeast and the Central Plains provinces, raising concerns about a critical water shortage in some parts of the two regions at the height of summer next month, the centre said.

If there is no significant amount of rainfall to boost levels in the reservoirs, the drought could last longer than last year, hitting major crops due for harvest in the next few months.

Off-season rice and sugar cane production may have to bear the heaviest brunt, the centre said.

The Northeast is the biggest producer of sugar cane, accounting for 43.5% of nationwide output while the Central Plains provinces grow the most off-season rice, at 47.8% of the entire country's volume.

Off-season rice, harvested mostly during the drought-affected months of March and April, amounts to 23.5% of the country's rice productivity.

Even though water shortage drives down crop yields and depresses supplies to the market, the lower supplies might not necessarily push up overall prices because the off-season rice makes up only a quarter of the nationwide rice output, the centre said.

On average, rice prices are predicted to fetch between 10,650 and 10,740 baht per tonne, shrinking by 0.8-1.7% from last year.

The centre said the drought's impact is likely to be limited to certain crops in specific areas of the Northeast and the Central Plains provinces. Nonetheless, it may well lead to the overall farmers' income contracting by between 1.2% and 1.6% from last year, up from the initial projected contraction of between 0.4 and 0.8%.

The centre estimated an economic loss from off-season rice and sugar cane damage at 15.3 billion baht, or about 0.1% of GDP. However, the figure could grow depending on water shortages.

bangkokpost.com
Anyone who goes to a psychiatrist should have his head examined.

Offline Johnnie F.

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Re: "No drought this year", says irrigation dept
« Reply #6 on: March 12, 2019, 09:38:52 AM »
Also known as the ocean warming effect, Thailand is currently facing a "light El Nino", Mr Somkiat said, but this will be enough to cause unusually low rainfall in all regions from March to April. Rainfall in all regions from March to April.

Rainfall in the country over the next two months will be 5-10% lower than usual, with the driest areas being in the North, according to the office's estimate.

His office is now monitoring provinces prone to water scarcity.

They are Chiang Mai, Nakhon Sawan, Kanchanaburi, Ratchaburi, Chaiyaphum and Nakhon Ratchasima.

p to 200 householders in three villages in tambon Nong Manao in Nakhon Ratchasima's Khong district are bearing the brunt after a public lake dried up, causing a halt to the production of tap water.

"We have to spend about 300 baht a week buying water," said Manop Chatnok, a village resident.

Full article: Bangkok Post

Offline Johnnie F.

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Re: "No drought this year", says irrigation dept
« Reply #7 on: March 21, 2019, 07:35:42 PM »
Fruit farmers seek help as drought bites Say harvest in peril due to water crisis

Hundreds of fruit farmers in Trat rallied outside the provincial hall on Wednesday to pressure authorities into speeding up efforts to solve water shortages.

The farmers, from several tambons in Khao Saming district, said their orchards have been hit hard by drought and a poor harvest was likely if no action was taken to alleviate the problem.
They also demanded to meet the provincial governor to voice their plight in person.

The rally coincided with a meeting among provincial officials chaired by Trat deputy governor Supamit Chinsri to discuss drought relief measures for Muang, Bo Rai, and Khao Saming districts.

Sa-ard Bussayapinit, from tambon Sator in Khao Saming district, said time was running out for fruit farmers there to save their crops.

Sa-ard Bussayapinit, from tambon Sator in Khao Saming district, said time was running out for fruit farmers there to save their crops.

Mr Supamit was met with boos and jeers when he appeared and tried to talk to the protesters. Khao Saming district chief Pirawat Wangratkul, meanwhile, tried unsuccessfully to persuade the farmers to disperse.

It was reported that provincial authorities and local administrators locked horns at the meeting over what action to take.

Local administrators wanted drought-hit areas to be declared natural disaster zones so emergency funds could be allocated to address the issue, but provincial authorities disagreed.

Meanwhile, several livestock farmers in Ban Non Khum, in Nakhon Ratchasima's Phimai district, were forced to take their thirsty animals to a nearby village for water.

They also claimed that their animal feed stockpiles were running low.

Cattle farmer Wisit Thongtham, 45, said this year's drought has been especially bad and was taking its toll on water and food supplies.

He said the situation was likely to grow worse next month and called on authorities to come up with measures to tackle the drought problem for livestock farmers.

In Surin's Samrong Thap district, second rice-crop farmers in tambon Koh Kaew were being urged to stop drawing water onto their farms now that the effects of the drought were getting worse and locals were starting to struggle.

The farms cover about 2,000 rai of farmland.

They were told that the Ban Koh Kaew reservoir, which is the locality's main water supply, was drying up.

Dejkol Ardam, head of Samrong Thap district, said cooperation was needed otherwise there would not be enough water for household use.

Baqngkok Post

Offline Johnnie F.

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Re: "No drought this year", says irrigation dept
« Reply #8 on: March 24, 2019, 10:23:23 AM »
In Nakhon Ratchasima's Sikhiu district, about 500 people in tambon Don Noi have been without tap water for almost a week after the village ponds dried up. About 138,000 litres of water has been delivered to the villagers who are concerned the water shortage will get worse without rainfall.

Full article: Bangkok Post

Offline Johnnie F.

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Re: "No drought this year", says irrigation dept
« Reply #9 on: March 27, 2019, 02:20:07 PM »
Water trucks for Korat as drought bites

Emergency mission as villages dry up

Authorities are mobilising "water trucks" to help hundreds of villagers facing severe shortages due to drought in Nakhon Ratchasima's Muang district.

Authorities are mobilising "water trucks" to help hundreds of villagers facing severe shortages due to drought in Nakhon Ratchasima's Muang district.

Trucks loaded with water from the 21st Military Circle were sent to affected villages in tambon Chai Mongkhon on Tuesday as soldiers teamed up with provincial officials to provide help for parched residents.

"We'll never let people struggle without water," Nakhon Ratchasima governor Wichian Chantharanothai said as he led a team of officials in water-distributing efforts.

An initial survey found that residents of at least two villages -- Moo 1 and Moo 3 -- have no water for household use.

The water trucks on Tuesday distributed water to many families as well as filling storage tanks at a filtration plant running low on water.

"The government will do everything possible to make sure people still have water," Mr Wichian said in a bid to boost the morale of residents.

In the long term, he said, Chai Mongkhon municipality needs to ask the Provincial Waterworks Authority to expand its network of piped water to cover all the suburbs in Muang district.

Mr Wichian said he is also looking at whether artesian wells can be drilled in these areas to give villagers a choice of water supply.

Other provinces are also bracing for water shortages with the country in the middle of the dry season.

Thailand's summer started on Feb 21 and will last until the second week of May, according to the Meteorological Department.

Phuket municipality, which provides more than 18,000 households with tap water, is worried about uncertain weather conditions.

"If the rain comes late, we'll likely have no water for households," Phuket mayor Somjai Suwannasupphana said as she tried to predict what might happen in the months ahead on the resort island.

Officials and people need to be well-prepared, she insisted, though the three tap water filtration facilities have not encountered the same problems as Nakhon Ratchasima.

Two of them can supply water for a total of 36 days while the other can for up to 54 days.

But, if there is no rainwater for a long period there will be problems, Ms Somjai.

Local authorities will carry out a water-saving plans if necessary by reducing the amount of running water in the municipal area between 10am and 5pm as well as from 10pm and 5am.

Officials will also set up three water-distribution locations to help residents, she added.

Bangkok Post

Offline Johnnie F.

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Re: "No drought this year", says irrigation dept
« Reply #10 on: March 29, 2019, 11:50:36 AM »
Pumps dispatched to keep tap water flowing

The Royal Irrigation Department (RID) is mobilising pumps to channel water from reservoirs to ensure tap water continues to flow in the drought stricken parts of Buri Ram and Nakhon Ratchasima.


At least three pumps were dispatched and put to work at the Lam Pai Mas reservoir to feed water along a stretch of the Lam Pai Mas canal to a pumping station some 145 kilometres away.

"Since mid-March, more than 580,000 cubic metres (m³) of water has been diverted from the reservoir to the canal," RID chief Thongplew Kongchan said.

In Nakhon Ratchasima, the Huai Takraw reservoir is also being tapped by the Provincial Waterworks Authority (PWA)'s Phimai branch to replenish water tanks at the water station to keep tap water flowing in the drought-hit province.

The tanks are capable of storing up to 30,000m³ of water, which is enough to supply 1,800 homes in the area.

Since communities in the area require a combined 1,500m³ of water a day, the RID estimated that there is enough water in the tanks to last about 20 days.

An extra 60,000m³ of water will also be pumped from the Chee River into the tanks, which will help ensure water reserves in the tanks can last beyond 20 days, according to the RID chief.

The PWA has requested permission from the irrigation department to fetch water from the Ban Nong Khaem reservoir in Khon district of Nakhon Ratchasima, which will serve as a back-up source of water in in case the drought reaches a critical level.

Meanwhile, some enterprising residents in Surin's Chom Phra district -- which is also affected by water shortages -- are raking in extra money by selling water sourced from underground wells to households and businesses that need it.

Khampian Boonlert, 47, said he has rented a large underground well from a local farmer in tambon Pensuk, so that he can pump out water to be sold for about 200 baht per 2,000 litres.

Mr Khampian said prices change depending on distance, as he transports the water himself.

Bangkok Post

Offline Johnnie F.

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Re: "No drought this year", says irrigation dept
« Reply #11 on: March 31, 2019, 08:33:33 AM »
Drought dries up hope

Villagers plead for government help while dams recede to record-lows

Villagers in tambon Krathum Rai of Prathai district of Nakhon Ratchasima province are in despair after water in a 25-rai pond dried up and the water levels in their last-resort supply, artesian wells, also started to dwindle.



Since the pond dried up, just three artesian wells have kept 2,000 residents in three villages supplied with tap water. However, with no rainfall, villagers find it more difficult to pump the water from underground, leaving them with grim prospects.

Prathai is among the districts in this northeastern province that have been hardest hit by the drought.

The Northeast of the country is currently the area most affected by the drought, while many other districts are going through similar struggles as water levels in ponds and rivers plunge.

l Nino, the weather pattern that has caused the severe drought, will worsen water shortages this year, according to the Department of Royal Irrigation.

The department has warned of severe water shortages in the Northeast, where the levels of water stored in dams are already very low. The levels have fallen significantly, from 57% last year down to 17% this year.

Thongplew Kongjun, chief of the Department of Royal Irrigation (DRI) confirmed the low storage levels.

The water level in the Ubonrat Dam in Khon Kaen province is at only 3%, and 7% in the Sirindhorn Dam in Ubon Ratchathani province.

That prompted the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation to announce an emergency in three provinces, including Roi Et and Si Sa Ket in the Northeast and Trat in the East.

The DRI will provide 1,851 water pumping machines to assist farmers in need, together with sending a warning message to people in risk areas that they should not expand their plantations due to the high risk of water shortages.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, the Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment are working together to find an extra water supply, fixwater pipes and send trucks to provide water to drought-stricken communities.

"We have less water in the dams this year, but we are certain that we will be able to limit the impact [of the drought] with good preparation. Each agency knows what to do and when," said Mr Thongplew.

El Nino effect

Weather patterns are playing a major role in this year's dry season water shortages.

According to the Thai Meteorological Department (TMD), Thailand is in the middle of an El Nino season that has enveloped the country since the beginning of this year and will last until April.

El Nino is a result of a rise in seawater temperatures. For Thailand, this weather phenomenon will lead to a reduction in rain precipitation of 10-20%, and higher temperatures this March and April.

The temperatures in the next two months may rise to 35-37 degrees Celsius, compared with 34.2C last year.

Management challenges

Despite the effects of El Nino, the DRI has insisted that villagers will have enough water for limited consumption and farming. Mr Thongplew insisted that the department will be able to supply water to farmland in irrigated areas under its control.

"There is enough water for farming and consumption in the areas under our responsibility. We have managed the water under our plan and around 7% of this water is left to last until the end of April," he said at a press conference early this week.

The DRI has earmarked more than 23 billion (cu/m) of extra water for use during the drought period. Of the 23 billion cu/m, some 2.4 billion will be reserved for consumption, 6.4 billion for ecological conservation, 13.95 billion for farming and 303 million for industry.

So far, the DRI has already used 17.9 billion cubic metres of water, or 78% of the water quota, leaving 7% for use until the end of April.

Over-harvesting

The DRI has, however, been worried about over-harvesting. Although the government has introduced a rice plantation quota system to ensure sufficient water supplies, some residents are defying that quota.

There are 5.8 million rai of rice plantations in the Central region of the country, which is 500,000 rai above the quota limit.

Similar instances have been reported in other regions. In total, over 1.31 million rai is over-harvested.

Long-term outlook

The Northeast has always been known as an arid area. Despite its massive plateaus, there are only a few rivers; the Chi River and Mun River, which depend on water from the transnational Mekong River.

The government has approved a water management plan to improve the region's water storage capacity in a bid to deal with the drought and flooding problems, according to said Samroeng Sangphuwong, deputy secretary general of the Office of National Water Resources.

The projects will be constructed in 16 water basins covering 12.59 million rai. When they're completed, these projects will collectively store over 995 million cu/m, which is enough to supply 4.9 million rai and 1.3 million families throughout the entire year.

Mr Samroeng said the cabinet has already approved a budget worth 274 billion baht to build 102 of the medium- and large-scale water projects.


Bangkok post

Offline Johnnie F.

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Re: "No drought this year", says irrigation dept
« Reply #12 on: April 11, 2019, 01:58:23 PM »
The Department of Royal Irrigation (DRI) said on Wednesday all areas that fall under DRI-irrigated zones will have sufficient water supplies to meet consumption and farming demand through the dry season.

(...)

For other areas, Mr Thongplew said seven provinces -- Kanchanaburi, Chaiyaphum, Chiang Mai, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Sawan, Ratchaburi and Loei -- are at risk of water shortages.

Bangkok Post

 



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